Understanding Utah’s Personal Injury Laws

It would be impossible to emphasize the importance of Utah’s personal injury laws. They are an essential safety net, covering victims of harm caused by the carelessness, recklessness, or malice of others. In order to ensure that victims receive justice and recompense for the wide spectrum of harms they may have suffered, including the incalculable toll of anguish and suffering, these laws incorporate a wide range of legal provisions.

Understanding Pain and Suffering Damages in Utah

Personal injury victims in Utah have the legal right to pursue financial recompense for their suffering. Pain and suffering are examples of intangible losses that victims may incur as a result of an accident or injury. Both physical and mental suffering, such as fear, sadness, and a general lack of pleasure in life, are included in this category of losses.

Calculating fair damages for emotional distress is often a difficult and subjective procedure. Unlike monetary losses, which can be calculated using direct methods or formulae (such as medical bills and lost earnings), intangible harms, such as emotional distress, are more difficult to assess. Damages for mental anguish in Utah cases are normally determined using the multiplier or per diem methods. 

  • Multiplier Method: All of the monetary material losses are tallied, and then a multiplier (often between 1.5 and 4) is applied to account for the degree of emotional distress.
  • Per Diem Method: In this method, compensation is calculated based on the victim’s daily pain and suffering until full healing is achieved.

The decision between these approaches, however, is very fact dependent, and the final computation might be heavily influenced by the lawyer’s experience and argumentation.

Statute of Limitations in Utah for Personal Injury

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The statute of limitations is the statutory term after which legal action must be brought. The time limit for filing a personal injury lawsuit in the state of Utah is four years from the time of the incident.

There are, however, several cases where this is not the case. For instance, the statute of limitations does not begin to run until the victim reaches the age of majority or is no longer considered mentally handicapped. Furthermore, the statute of limitations may be extended in cases of medical misconduct if the injury was not immediately discoverable.

Utah Statute of Limitations
Personal Injury4 Years
Product Liability2 Years
Wrongful Death2 Years
Medical Malpractice2 Years

Limitations on a Personal Injury Case in Utah

In cases of personal harm, Utah follows a “modified comparative negligence” standard of law. This means that if the claimant is judged to be somewhat responsible for their injuries, their compensation may be decreased. However, the claimant cannot seek compensation for their losses if they were judged to be 50% or more at fault.

Criteria for Personal Injury

In Utah, a personal injury case must meet the following minimum requirements:

  • Duty of Care: The defendant owed a duty of care to the claimant.
  • Breach of Duty: The defendant breached that duty.
  • Causation: The defendant’s breach of duty directly caused the claimant’s injury.
  • Damages: The claimant suffered damages (physical, emotional, financial) as a result of the injury.

For a personal injury claim to be successful, the plaintiff must provide evidence of all of the following.


If you were hurt because of someone else’s negligence in Utah, you need to know the state’s personal injury laws. Being well-informed will help victims of personal injury in Utah navigate the legal environment more successfully, including knowing the statute of limitations, knowing the grounds for making a claim, and comprehending potential compensation for pain and suffering.


Q: Can I sue for emotional distress in Utah?

A: You can sue for non-monetary damages like pain and suffering (which includes emotional anguish) in Utah.

Q: How long do I have to file a personal injury lawsuit in Utah?

A: The statute of limitations for filing a personal injury lawsuit is four years from the date of the accident.

Q: Does Utah have a cap on personal injury damages?

A: As far as I am aware, there is no limit on personal injury damages in Utah as of the end of the calendar year 2021 (September). However, in medical malpractice instances, non-economic damages may be limited.

Q: What happens if I’m partially at fault for my injury?

A: The state of Utah uses a “modified comparative negligence” system. You can still collect compensation for damages if you were less than 50% at fault, but the amount you receive will be lowered accordingly. No compensation will be given if your level of fault is 50% or more.

Q: Do I need a lawyer to file a personal injury claim in Utah?

A: A lawyer is not required, although it is strongly suggested. A personal injury lawyer can help you navigate the legal system after an accident, bargain with insurers, and fight for your rights to secure fair compensation.